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Research Projects

A medical snake like robot for single port surgery

Alon Wolf, Howie Choset, Marco Zenati (Pittsburgh USA)

The Flex® Robotic System is based on a core flexible, steerable scope technology that surgeons can use to navigate around anatomy with an integrated high-definition vision system. Once positioned, the scope can become rigid to provide a stable platform through which flexible instrum...

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An Adaptive Virtual Biofeedback System for Rehabilitation

Ouriel Barzilay, Oded Solomon, Alon Wolf

 Every day, physical therapy helps a considerable number of people recover from surgical operations, strokes, or injuries. Physiotherapy tends to develop, maintain, and restore maximal movement and functionality to the patient. For this purpose, the physiotherapist has to tailor specific p...

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Analysis and Synthesis of Barn Owl 3D-Scanning Kinematics

Ouriel Barzilay, Alon Wolf, Lihi Zelnik-Manor, Yoram Gutfreund

Barn owls use stereovision to detect small prey in dimly lit conditions. In barn owls the eyes are largely fixed in the skull, therefore, saccades to objects of interest are performed by head movements. However, in addition to the rapid head saccades, barn owls exhibit a variety of other stereoty...

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Biomechanics of gait pattern adaptation in patients after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Eytan Debbie, Alon Wolf

Arthritis is ranked third, after cancer and heart disease, as a major health concern for Americans, preceding other diseases such as stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent type of arthritis and most commonly affects the knee joint. Knee osteoarthritis (KO...

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Bone Pose Estimation in the Presence of Soft Tissue Artifact Using Triangular Cosserat Point Elements

Dana Solav, MB Rubin, Andrea Cereatti, Valentina Camomilla, Alon Wolf

Accurate estimation of the position and orientation (pose) of a bone from a cluster of skin markers is limited mostly by the relative motion between the bone and the markers, which is known as the Soft Tissue Artifact (STA). This work presents a method, based on continuum mechanics, to describe t...

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CHEST WALL KINEMATICS USING TRIANGULAR COSSERAT POINT ELEMENTS IN HEALTHY AND NEUROMUSCULAR SUBJECTS

Dana Solav

INTRODUCTION:

Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) has shown to be a reliable and accurate method for measuring lung volume changes during breathing in various positions and conditions. OEP enables the detection of asynchronous and asymmetric movements between the Chest W...

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Controlling of a Dexterous Robotic Arm with Grasp Analysis and Automatic Target Following

Josie Gotz, Yaniv Sasson, Adam Wolff

This project involved the building and controlling of a dexterous robotic arm while also investigating the grasping capabilites. Printed entirely from plastic (Gael Langvin, inmoov.fr), each arm has ten degrees of freedom inclduing five for each of the fingers which are all actuated by servo moto...

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Foot Center of Pressure Manipulation During Gait

Mona Khoury, Alon Wolf

It has been shown in previous studies that footwear generated biomechanical manipulations can alter the trajectory of the center of pressure [COP] thereby altering the location of the ground reaction force and modifying moments and forces acting on proximal body segments. The purpose of this stud...

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Graphical Method for Singularity Analysis of Planar Parallel Manipulators

Alon Wolf, Amir Degani

In order to identify singular configurations of planar parallel manipulators (PPM) a new graphical method, which is based on Maxwell’s Reciprocal Theory, is explored. Screw theory and line geometry tools are used to form a new graphical construction called the Mechanism’s Line of Acti...

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Haptic Control System for a Robotic Medical System

Yoel Shapiro, Alon Wolf

Robotic medical systems for surgery solve many problems encountered by conventional surgery – they enable the surgeon to apply a different scale of forces, improve his dexterity and accuracy, and can introduce safety features in risky operations. For a robotic medical system to ...

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Hyper redundant snake robot

Alon Wolf, Oded Solomon, and students

A redundant robot has at least one extra degree of freedom (DOF) than required, in order to compensate for simple constraints, i.e., using an elbow up versus an elbow down configuration, to reach a target position. Hyper-redundant robots have many more DOF than required, enabl...

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Kinematics of Continuous Hyper-Redundant Robots

Yoel Shapiro,Gabor Kosa,Alon Wolf

Long, slim robots with multiple joints are often termed 'continuum robots' and usualy have colorful names inspired by the animal kingdom: snakes, elephant trunks or octopus arms. Continuum robots have many degrees of freedom (DOF) and are therefore labeled as ‘Hyper-Redundant-Robots...

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Kinematics of Snake locomotion

Alon Wolf

For this research we bring live snakes (don’t worry they are friendly snakes) and  study their kinematic and locomotion patterns using our Vicon motion tracking system.  We then analyze our data and utilize it to better design the mechanical structure of our snake robots and for p...

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Knee Biomechanics

Alon Wolf

There are several, commonly used, definitions for axes when describing knee kinematics, e.g..: mechanical axis, anatomical axis, epicondylar axis, transverse axis, posterior condylar line, Whiteside's line, and axes of rotation of the knee. In order to incorporate both translation and rotatio...

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MEMS Kinematics

Hagai Bamberger, Moshe Shoham, Alon Wolf

Manufacturing of micro-robots by MEMS technology may cause large clearance at the joints – only one order of magnitude smaller, and even of the same order of magnitude, as the links themselves. Due to the clearances, the direct kinematic solutions are not discrete, but form a volume that ...

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Motion Estimation Using Point Cluster Method and Kalman Filter

Merav Mor, Alon Wolf

 The most frequently used method in three dimensional human gait analysis involves placing markers on the skin of the analyzed segment. This introduces a significant artifact which strongly influences the bone position and orientation and joint kinematics estimates. In this ...

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Motion planning for hyper redundant snake-like robots

Leav Oz-AriDr. Alon Wolf

This work describes a method of generating gaits for the open-loop control of robots using genetic algorithms.
While similar techniques have been used before on different robots, the focus of this work is in controlling hyper redundant snake-like robots for which motion planning is much mor...

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New flexible actuator

Oded Salomon, Alon Wolf

Hyper-redundant robots (HRR) have many more degrees of freedom (DOF) than required, which enable them to handle more constraints, such as those present in highly convoluted volumes. Consequently, they can serve in many robotic applications, while extending the reachability and manoeuvrability of ...

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Nonlinear Model Based Estimation of Rigid-Body Motion via an Indirect Measurement of an Elastic Appendage with Application to Biomechanics Studies Background

Merav Mor, Odded gottlieb, Alon Wolf

 In this work, we present our first step towards better recognition of bone and joint motion based on skin markers measurements. For this purpose, we develop and implement a nonlinear model-based procedure for estimation of rigid body motion via an indirect measuremen...

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Plasticity of locomotor patterns via biomechanical perturbation training:

Amir Haim, Nimrod Rosen, Alon Wolf

The act of walking is an extremely complex endeavor of muscleforces on bones, rotations through multiple joints, and external  forces that act on the body.  Overall, this task is attained by a proper kinematic trajectory command coordinated by the nervous system to its skel...

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Recognizing Knee Pathologies by Classifying Instantaneous Screws of the Six Degrees-of-Freedom Knee Motion

Alon Wolf, Amir Degani

We address the problem of knee pathology assessment by using screw theory to describe the knee motion and by using the screw representation of the motion as an input to a machine learning classifier. The flexions of knees with different pathologies are tracked using an optical tracking system. Th...

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Shape Reconstruction of Hyper-Flexible Beams with PVDF Sensros

Yoel Shapiro, Gabor Kosa,Alon Wolf

   Hyper flexible beams are very common in continuum manipulators and soft robotics. When working with humans, animals or other delicate objects safety considerations are of primary importance. Using compliant, light weight actuators and structural components yields inher...

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